Intussusception in Children

Intussusception is a condition wherein a portion of the intestines develops self-folding into a telescope-like appearance occurring anywhere in the digestive tract, generally noted amid the lower portion of the small bowel.

Portion of the intestinal region which develops inwards folding might start losing a little or total loss of blood circulation leading to pains & swelling. In case untreated, intestinal blockage develops.

Intussusception generally occurs in young kids and rarely among the adult populace. However, this article sheds light on mainly intussusception in children.

Causes & Symptoms of Intussusception in Children

The reason for intussusception in children is yet unknown in majority of the cases. At times, it occurs subsequent to a kid experiencing cold or inflamed abdomen & intestinal region.

Symptoms of intussusception in infants & kids generally arise abruptly and they might exhibit the following behaviourisms.

  • Irritable behaviour. An infant might exhibit fussiness or feel discomforted & be tricky in soothing.
  • Relapsing incidents of abrupt, acute stomach pains. For the duration of the bouts of pains, the kid might appear pallid & might start screaming & drawing up knees together. During preliminary phases, the kid might appear normal in-between pain spells that have a tendency of recurring in five to thirty minutes time intervals & eventually worsening. With intussusception progressing, the kid experiences weakness & listlessness in-between pain periods.
  • Repeatedly vomits. As a kid’s condition deteriorates, puking lessens. Greenish fluid-like appearance when vomiting is an indication of intestinal blockage.
  • Erratic stool movement in the child, though earlier on stools might seem regular. Subsequent to some hours, faecal movements are small however occurring at greater frequency & loose bowels might arise. Around fifty percent of cases related to intussusception in infants and kids start passing blood-inundated stools generally in around twelve hours to one or two days of them becoming symptomatic. With the condition progressing, fecal appearance might turn dark reddish & mucus-filled resembling jellies.
  • Swelling, tenderness in the abdominal region is also apparent when intussusception in infants & kids develop. Accruement bearing resemblance to sausages could be palpated generally alongside the upper-right part of the abdominal region in such children.

Not many intussusceptions self-heal and in case the condition is left untreated, grave & life-menacing complications could arise like infection in the stomach wall lining – peritonitis or aperture or puncture in the wall of the intestines.

Indications of intussusception worsening comprise of:

  • Low respiration & a swift, frail cardiac beat.
  • The child gets dehydrated.
  • Fever.

Intussusception could at times be wrongly believed to be some other condition having analogous symptoms like appendicitis, hernias.

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