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Identifying Pica

Identifying Pica

Several innately inquisitive kids have the tendency of putting non-victual items into their mouths at some occasion or the other. Infants having pica, nevertheless, are observed to cross the line of this naive exploring of their surroundings. With nearly 25-30% of children (twenty percent of whom are noticed in mental health treatment centers) have pica- the eating disorder that is typified by continual and uncontrollable yearnings for eating non-victual items that lasts for a month or more. What Is Pica? Pica is derived from the Latin word for the bird magpie that has the reputation for its humongous and indiscriminate foraging desire for food. Pica is prevalent among individuals having developmental disorders inclusive of autism and the mentally retarded and among kids in the ages of two  [...]

H1N1 Nasal Vaccine – Are Below Two-Year-Olds Eligible?

H1N1 Nasal Vaccine – Are Below Two-Year-Olds Eligible?

The fact is that the H1N1 nasal spray holds a diluted version of the live flu virus. This is recommended to be offered solely to those in the ages of two to forty-nine years. Infants having conditions like asthma are not entitled for the live flu vaccine. The principal reason why infants that are lesser than two years old must not be given the nasal spray H1N1 vaccine is because it has not yet been adequately tested and hence have not received license to be administered for that age band. There is dearth of substantial data being submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prior to any medication getting approval for usage in a certain populaces – however this data is non-existent in case of infants who are below two years of age. Rare complains associated with the nasal spray version  [...]

H1N1 Vaccine- Understanding The Safety Quotient With Egg Allergy

H1N1 Vaccine- Understanding The Safety Quotient With Egg Allergy

There have an inundation of queries from all quarters ever since the H1N1 vaccines have become accessible. In case a child is having a proper egg allergy and not merely sensitivity to it, then the H1N1 or the seasonal flu vaccine cannot be administered in such a situation. The two kinds of H1N1 vaccines namely the injection and the nasal spray version both have been made from eggs, hence it is not suggested for those individuals having severe cases of egg allergies. Yet, allergists believe that those persons having mild version of reactions to eggs could get inoculated with the H1N1 vaccine. One needs to bear in mind that the quantity of egg protein present in the vaccine is mostly lesser in comparison to those one would locate in majority of the baked food items. Hence, in case the child is  [...]

How Safe Is The H1N1 Flu Vaccine Having Thimerosal For Infants?

How Safe Is The H1N1 Flu Vaccine Having Thimerosal For Infants?

A common query that confounds several parents is whether their child is too young to be administered the H1N1 nasal spray or the injection containing thimerosal or must they wait for the injection that has no preservatives added to become obtainable. It is suggested that children more than six months of age must be administered the H1N1 flu vaccine on an urgent basis as infants below the age of two years are at increased likelihood of developing complications due to the H1N1 infection. The risks arising due to the infection by itself are deemed to have greater repercussions as compared to any kind of risk that could arise due to the H1N1 vaccine, irrespective of whether thimerosal is present in it or not. Thimerosal is a preservative that contains mercury and is employed for multi-dosage vials  [...]

Undescended Testicles – When And Why Is Repair Necessary?

Undescended Testicles – When And Why Is Repair Necessary?

Undecended testicles are known to occur in nearly five percent of full term and thirty percent of premature newly born male babies. Undescended testicles is a condition wherein the testicle in a boy has failed to move from the abdominal region, where it initially commences development in utero, and moves downwards till it finally reaches the scrotum which is its final destination. The reasons behind why testicles at times are not able to descend are still ambiguous. On majority of the occasions, nevertheless the testicle could travel its course till it moves into the right position by itself till the time a baby is nearly six months of age, and nearly always by the time the child turns one year old. In case the testicle has still not descended, surgical intervention would become necessary for  [...]

Pertussis

Pertussis

Pertussis or whooping cough begins alike a cold. Subsequent to one to two weeks, the cold signs lead to severe spells of coughing. The coughing obstructs breathing and could also lead to vomiting. Pertussis could cause life-menacing complications. Signs among adults are milder in nature. Recognizing the signs could help in early detection and hence treatment. Pertussis is vastly Communicable The dowel-shaped Bordetella pertussis bacteria affix themselves in the cilia of the respiratory tract. They are transmitted via suspended droplets arising from coughing and sneezing. An individual having pertussis is infectious from the moment the cold signs start appearing. The transmittable time period would last for nearly three weeks subsequent to the coughing bouts commencing. Containing Coughs Every  [...]

Disease-Matching Software Tools Could Prove Lifesaving For Children

Disease-Matching Software Tools Could Prove Lifesaving For Children

Researchers believe that by matching infants ailing from rare or life-menacing ailments and modelling probable disease development; are hopeful of detecting imminent novel courses. Development of software tools is being done that could seek out and evaluate patient information at hospitals located across Europe for finding infants with nearly matched medical conditions. The doctors could then locate the manner in which the matched cases of the patient in the other hospitals were undergoing treatment and whether it was beneficial. The data would immensely enhance the doctor’s skill to select the correct course for their patient. The software tool under-development in the Health-e-Child project could carry out a comparison of a huge array of ordered and unstructured information, inclusive of  [...]

DTaP And Tdap Vaccines – Uncovering Crucial Facts

DTaP And Tdap Vaccines – Uncovering Crucial Facts

Bordetella pertussis is bacterial form that could exist in the respiratory tract of humans. Pertusssis or whooping cough is transmitted via discharge or secretions during sneezing and coughing. Majority of the pertussis infections are spread in between kin members and domestic contacts like babysitters. The DTaP vaccines could help in preventing the infection when administered to babies that are two, four and six months old. How communicable is whooping cough? Whooping cough is highly infectious. In case one individual is infected with the pertussis bacteria, every non-inoculated domestic contact has a nearly ninety percent risk of contracting the infection as well. How could one contract whooping cough when they have previously been inoculated? In contrast to some of the vaccines, the pertussis  [...]

Flawed Circadian Clock Could Cause Paediatric Bipolar Disorder

Flawed Circadian Clock Could Cause Paediatric Bipolar Disorder

Faulty body clock genes could be the reason behind bipolar disorder among infants. Researchers have penned down this crucial finding in the open access academic journal ‘BMC Psychiatry’ detected 4 adaptations of the dictatorial gene RORB that were related to infancy bipolar disorder. Alexander Niculescu from the Indiana University School of Medicine in Indianapolis, United States, collaborated along with a team of scientists from Harvard, UC San Diego, Massachusetts General Hospital and SANY Upstate Medical University for studying the role of RORA and RORB genes of 152 infants having this condition and 140 infants that were part of a control group. They detected four variations to the RORB genes that are certainly linked to being bipolar. Niculescu stated that their findings indicated that  [...]

A Revolutionary Shot Saves Life Of Child Ailing From ‘Brain-Dissolving’ Condition

A Revolutionary Shot Saves Life Of Child Ailing From ‘Brain-Dissolving’ Condition

A baby girl, who was faced with a dawdling and agonizing fatality due to her brain ‘melting’, is well on her recuperative course following an astounding foremost experiment. ‘Baby Angel’ –name withheld on grounds of anonymity, had a brain that had started dissolving brusquely subsequent to her birth eighteen months back as she possessed excessive amounts of sulphite in her body – an exceedingly atypical disease that had no visible treatment. Her hopes of surviving were dim, however her parents and doctors present in Melbourne repudiated to stay helpless and see her grow fainter as the poison gnawed into her brain. Doctors and the small girl’s parents – that could not be mentioned for private concerns – started searching all over for any sort of medicine that could offer the  [...]

Bubble Boy Disease

Bubble Boy Disease

Bubble Boy Disease also known as SCID, is a congenital problem occurring among children leading to failure in their immune system effectively functioning, thus making them more prone to fungus, bacteria and virus-related diseases.  The term ‘bubble boy disease’ came into existence due to the familiar SCID kid several years back that was placed in a specialised ‘sterile bubble’ for safeguarding him from infections. When SCID is undetected and not treated, such infants rarely live past a year’s time. SCID treatment is conducted by transfusion of bone marrow cells from a matching donor in good health. These transfused stem cells attain maturity in the receiver’s body transforming into T and B cells – the specialized WBC’s known as lymphocytes that don crucial roles as infection-combatants  [...]

Surviving Hurler’s Syndrome

Surviving Hurler’s Syndrome

Sixteen month old Marcus Espino was diagnosed on July 1994 with a grave genetic storage ailment known as Muccopolysaccaridosis 1H, also called as MPS1 or Hurler’s syndrome. The doctors informed his parents that his sole likelihood of survival was if underwent a bone marrow transplant or BMT. The onset of Hurler’s syndrome is the result of the body’s incapability for producing a particular enzyme known as alpha-iduronidase. Generally, the body utilises enzymes for processing proteins, sugars and other matter alongside breaking down and reprocessing cells following their death. However, in kids having Hurler’s syndrome and other storage disorders, the absent or deficient enzyme thwarts this normally occurring process from taking place, leading to depositions occurring in nearly all the  [...]